Dating clay pipe bowls by angle dating ugly girl
Today researchers have the ability to analyze and identify this material because of recent advances in soil chemistry and micro-botany.
The kaolin tobacco pipe is one of the most useful artifacts that might be encountered at historical archaeological sites, for their short use-life and easily recognizable stylistic evolution provide valuable dating cues (Nol Hume 1969; Oswald 1951).
Kaolin pipes were made in England and Holland and shipped throughout the western world in the 1600s and 1700s to meet the demand of a thriving international tobacco market.
Using simple measurements and basic math, European clay pipes have served as the primary means of dating historic archaeological sites from the 17th and 18th centuries.
One of the ‘TD’-embossed pipes stands out from the other examples and with the flat trimmed rim of the pipe bowl appears to be of British manufacture.
If indeed British, the pipe is likely to have been made from white ball clay, deposits of which are indigenous to Dorset and Devonshire in southwest England.
Archaeologists have used European pipes to illuminate many aspects of early Virginia life, including social status and consumer behavior.
Given a range of pipe options why did some individuals choose to pay more for pipes imported from England?
Today they represent a major diagnostic decorative attribute, having been excavated throughout America in contexts dating from the mid-18th century into the early 20th century.The pipes were produced in different two-part molds and all are made from white clay. All of the pipes have an integral stem whereby the pipe bowl and long stem were manufactured as a single piece.The examples vary in levels of preservation from largely intact pipe bowls and stems to fragmentary examples consisting of just a surviving bowl (sometimes broken) with very little of the original stem extant.During that period there were few sources for Samoans to obtain imported kaolin tobacco pipes. They might have been acquired either from the French who landed at A’asu in 1797, or they might have been obtained from itinerant whalers, who were known to frequent the coast prior to extensive contact with European missionaries after 1840. The Art and Archaeology of Clay Tobacco Pipes, Release A (CD-ROM).
From 1620 to 1800, the bore of a European pipe shrank 1/64 of an inch roughly every 30 to 40 years.