Dating the crucifixion
Jesus, as described in the New Testament, was most likely crucified on Friday April 3, 33 A. The latest investigation, reported in the journal International Geology Review, focused on earthquake activity at the Dead Sea, located 13 miles from Jerusalem.The Gospel of Matthew, Chapter 27, mentions that an earthquake coincided with the crucifixion:“And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.In that article it is demonstrated that Jesus was executed on the fifth day of the week, which we call Thursday.
Matthew, Mark, and Luke each record that Jesus died about "the ninth hour" (Matthew -50, Mark -37, Luke -46).Three of the four canonical gospels report darkness from noon to 3 PM after the crucifixion.Such darkness could have been caused by a dust storm, he believes.Varves, which are annual layers of deposition in the sediments, reveal that at least two major earthquakes affected the core: a widespread earthquake in 31 B. and an early first century seismic event that happened sometime between 26 A. In terms of the earthquake data alone, Williams and his team acknowledge that the seismic activity associated with the crucifixion could refer to “an earthquake that occurred sometime before or after the crucifixion and was in effect ‘borrowed’ by the author of the Gospel of Matthew, and a local earthquake between 26 and 36 A. that was sufficiently energetic to deform the sediments of Ein Gedi but not energetic enough to produce a still extant and extra-biblical historical record.”“If the last possibility is true, this would mean that the report of an earthquake in the Gospel of Matthew is a type of allegory,” they write.Williams is studying yet another possible natural happening associated with the crucifixion - darkness.
Rather, the clues in both the New Testament and the Book of Mormon point to Thursday as the day of the week when Jesus was crucified.